Females are significantly longer than males. Gaboon vipers are the largest vipers in the world, reaching lengths of up to 7 feet (213 cm) and more than 22 lbs. This method of hunting protects the snake from any damage the prey species might cause it. Most species of viper are viviparous and give birth to live young. There are four subfamilies of the viper snake: Azemiopinae, Causinae, Crotalinae, and Viperinae. Prey includes small mammals, birds, lizards, and eggs. The receptors detect warm blooded prey but also can detect cold blooded prey, though they're more responsive to warm.". Each species has its own unique behavior. The blue racer snake is a fast, attractive non-venomous reptile. These vipers are different from the other vipers in appearance. Pit vipers are found throughout the Americas, Europe and Asia. Vipers are known for their long, hollow fangs which can fold up and lie against the roof of their mouth. The Causinae subfamily consists of one genus (Causus) and six species that are endemic to sub-Saharan Africa. Generally, these snakes are heavy-bodied, though they range in length. Some directly face extinction while others have stable populations. According to IUCN, this snake has declined principally due to overcollecting. Since they swallow their prey whole, digesting it is a big job not helped by vipers' generally inefficient digestive systems. "Most vipers are ambush predators," said Savitzky. They live in pastures, near farms, in plantations, orchards, and more. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. The ruby-eyed green pit viper (Trimeresurus rubeus) was discovered in Vietnam in 2011. Habitat destruction, purposeful killing, capture for the exotic pet trade, and pollution or climate change impacting their prey populations. University of Michigan’s Animal Diversity Web, Reptiles: Crocodiles, Alligators, Lizards, Snakes, Turtles, The University of Adelaide's Clinical Toxinology Resources, Photos: Vivid Images of New Snake Species, International Union for Conservation of Nature, National Geographic: New Pit Viper Found — One of World's Smallest, Hubble telescope spots a 'Greater Pumpkin' in space for Halloween. Although they can often appear sluggish, these short, powerful bodies give them more power to strike and ambush their prey. By All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. Viper Snake. There have been no reports of human death from a night adder bite. You can find these snakes from the United States, south through Central and South America. These snakes are carnivores, which means that they eat other animals. Commonly known as the night adders, these snakes can grow to around 24 to 36 in long (60 – 90 cm). "Vipers in general tend to have enzymetic venom that affects general tissues," Savitzky said. They are largely arboreal. The Viperinae subfamily is known as the true vipers and is made up of 12 genera and approximately 66 species. This would explain why snakes with horns over their eyes are found in deserts. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. People’s dread of snakes seems like a primordial one. Their coloring is camouflage and allows them to blend in with banana bunches or flowers.
The horns can bend back to be flat against the head, which is useful when the snake is going down a burrow. Each species is different from the next, but they all share a set of traits. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, This is because many vipers rely on their camouflage for protection rather than their ability to move quickly.
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